Numbers in Yiddish

Learn numbers in Yiddish

Knowing numbers in Yiddish is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Yiddish. Learning to count in Yiddish may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Yiddish is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Yiddish.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Yiddish?

Yiddish (יידיש), also known as Judaeo-German, is a High-German-derived language historically spoken by the Ashkenazi Jews. As such, it belongs to the West Germanic branch of the Indo-European family. Yiddish originated in Central Europe in the 9th century, influenced by Hebrew, Aramaic and Slavic languages on top of High-German vernacular dialect. Written in the Hebrew alphabet, it can also be written in the Latin alphabet. The about 2 million Yiddish speakers nowadays can be found in Ashkenazi communities in Ukraine, Israel, and the United States.

List of numbers in Yiddish

Here is a list of numbers in Yiddish. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Yiddish from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Yiddish. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Yiddish.

  • 1) eyns (אײנס)
  • 2) tsvey (צװײ)
  • 3) dray (דרײַ)
  • 4) fir (פֿיר)
  • 5) finf (פֿינף)
  • 6) zeks (זעקס)
  • 7) zibn (זיבן)
  • 8) akht (אכט)
  • 9) nayn (נײַן)
  • 10) tsen (צען)
  • 11) elf (עלף)
  • 12) tsvelf (צוועלף)
  • 13) draytsn (דרײַצן)
  • 14) fertsn (פערצן)
  • 15) fuftsn (פופצן)
  • 16) zekhtsn (זעכצן)
  • 17) zibetsn (זיבעצן)
  • 18) akhtsn (אַכצן)
  • 19) nayntsn (נײַנצן)
  • 20) tsvantsik (צוואַנציק)
  • 30) draysik (דרײַסיק)
  • 40) fertsik (פערציק)
  • 50) fuftsik (פופציק)
  • 60) zekhtsik (זעכציק)
  • 70) zibetsik (זיבעציק)
  • 80) akhtsik (אַכציק)
  • 90) nayntsik (נײַנציק)
  • 100) hundert (הונדערט)
  • 1,000) toyznt (טויזנט)

Numbers in Yiddish: Yiddish numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Yiddish is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Yiddish you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Yiddish with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Yiddish is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Yiddish. Also, learning how to number in Yiddish yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Yiddish at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Yiddish

  • Digits and numbers from zero to twelve are specific words: nul (נול) [0], eyns (אײנס) [1], tsvey (צװײ) [2], dray (דרײַ) [3], fir (פֿיר) [4], finf (פֿינף) [5], zeks (זעקס) [6], zibn (זיבן) [7], akht (אכט) [8], nayn (נײַן) [9], tsen (צען) [10], elf (עלף) [11], and tsvelf (צוועלף) [12].
  • From thirteen to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching unit digits, adding a form of the word for ten (tsn, צן) at the end: draytsn (דרײַצן) [13], fertsn (פערצן) [14], fuftsn (פופצן) [15], zekhtsn (זעכציק) [16], zibetsn (זיבעצן) [17], akhtsn (אַכצן) [18], and nayntsn (נײַנצן) [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the suffix tsik (ציק) at the end of the multiplier digit: tsen (צען) [10], tsvantsik (צוואַנציק) [20], draysik (דרײַסיק) [30], fertsik (פערציק) [40], fuftsik (פופציק) [50], zekhtsik (זעכציק) [60], zibetsik (זיבעציק) [70], akhtsik (אַכציק) [80], and nayntsik (נײַנציק) [90].
  • From twenty-one to ninety-nine, the tens and units are joined with the conjonction un / און (and) separated with spaces, the unit being said before the ten (e.g.: fir un fuftsik (פֿיר און פופציק) [54], akht un nayntsik (אכט און נײַנציק) [98]).
  • Hundreds are formed starting with the multiplier digit followed by the word for hundred (hundert, הונדערט), except for one hundred: hundert (הונדערט) [100], tsvey hundert (צװײ הונדערט) [200], dray hundert (דרײַ הונדערט) [300], fir hundert (פֿיר הונדערט) [400], finf hundert (פֿינף הונדערט) [500], zeks hundert (זעקס הונדערט) [600], zibn hundert (זיבן הונדערט) [700], akht hundert (אכט הונדערט) [800], and nayn hundert (הונדערט נײַן) [900].
  • Thousands are formed starting with the multiplier digit followed by the word for thousand (toyznt, טויזנט), except for one thousand: toyznt (טויזנט) [1,000], tsvey toyznt (צװײ טויזנט) [2,000], dray toyznt (דרײַ טויזנט) [3,000], fir toyznt (פֿיר טויזנט) [4,000], finf toyznt (פֿינף טויזנט) [5,000], zeks toyznt (זעקס טויזנט) [6,000], zibn toyznt (זיבן טויזנט) [7,000], akht toyznt (אכט טויזנט) [8,000], and nayn toyznt (טויזנט נײַן) [9,000].
  • The Yiddish big scale numbers above thousand are: milyon (מיליאָן) (106, million), bilyon (ביליאָן) (109, billion), trilyon (טריליאָן) (1012, trillion)…
  • Numbers in different languages