Numbers in Romani

Learn numbers in Romani

Knowing numbers in Romani is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Romani. Learning to count in Romani may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Romani is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Romani.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Romani?

Romani (Rromani) is a Indo-European language from the Indo-Aryan group, spoken by the Romani people. As a macrolanguage, or generic language, it is divided in seven main dialectal groups (Balkan, Baltic, Carpathian, Finnish Kalo, Sinte, Vlax Romani, and Welsh Romani), and counts about 3 million speakers.Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 1,000 in Romani. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

List of numbers in Romani

Here is a list of numbers in Romani. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Romani from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Romani. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Romani.

  • 1) yek
  • 2) duy
  • 3) trin
  • 4) shtar
  • 5) panj
  • 6) shov
  • 7) efta
  • 8) oxto
  • 9) en’a
  • 10) desh
  • 11) desh-u-yek
  • 12) desh-u-duy
  • 13) desh-u-trin
  • 14) desh-u-shtar
  • 15) desh-u-panj
  • 16) desh-u-shov
  • 17) desh-efta
  • 18) desh-oxto
  • 19) desh-en’a
  • 20) bish
  • 30) triyanda
  • 40) shtar-var-desh
  • 50) panj-var-desh
  • 60) shov-var-desh
  • 70) efta-var-desh
  • 80) oxto-var-desh
  • 90) en’a-var-desh
  • 100) shel
  • 1,000) barij

Numbers in Romani: Romani numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Romani is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Romani you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Romani with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Romani is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Romani. Also, learning how to number in Romani yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Romani at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Romani

  • Numbers from one to ten are specific words, namely yek [1], duy [2], trin [3], shtar [4], panj [5], shov [6], efta [7], oxto [8], en’a [9], and desh [10].
  • From eleven to sixteen, numbers are formed with the word for ten (desh), followed by -u- and the unit digit: desh-u-yek [11], desh-u-duy [12], desh-u-trin [13], desh-u-shtar [14], desh-u-panj [15], and desh-u-shov [16]. From seventeen to nineteen, the -u- is replaced by a simple dash: desh-efta [17], desh-oxto [18], and desh-en’a [19].
  • The tens are formed by putting the multiplier unit, then the word var (times) and the word for ten separated with dashes, except for ten, twenty and thirty: desh [10], bish [20], triyanda [30], shtar-var-desh [40], panj-var-desh [50], shov-var-desh [60], efta-var-desh [70], oxto-var-desh [80], and en’a-var-desh [90].
  • Compound numbers from twenty-one to twenty-nine are formed by linking the ten and the unit with -te-, apocoped in -t- before a vowel (e.g.: bish-te-yek [21], bish-te-duy [22], bish-t-efta [27]). The thirties series uses only a dash to link the ten and the unit (e.g.: triyanda-yek [31], triyanda-duy [32]). As the other tens end with the word for ten (desh), their compound are formed on the ten compounds (e.g.: panj-var-desh-u-yek [51], shov-var-desh-u-panj [65], efta-var-desh-efta [77], oxto-var-desh-en’a [89]).
  • The hundreds are formed by prefixing the word for hundred (shel) with the multiplier digit separated with a space, except for one hundred itself: shel [100], duy shel [200], trin shel [300], shtar shel [400], shtar panj [500], shtar shov [600], shtar efta [700], shtar oxto [800], and shtar en’a [900].
  • One thousand is barij [1,000].
  • Numbers in different languages