Learn numbers in Bulgarian
Knowing numbers in Bulgarian is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Bulgarian. Learning to count in Bulgarian may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Bulgarian is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Bulgarian.
It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Bulgarian?
Bulgarian (български език, transliterated as balgarski ezik) is an Indo-European language from the Slavic linguistic group. Written in the Cyrillic alphabet, it is spoken in the Balkans and counts about 10 million speakers, mainly in Bulgaria where it is the official language.
List of numbers in Bulgarian
Here is a list of numbers in Bulgarian. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Bulgarian from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Bulgarian. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Bulgarian.
- 1) едно (edno)
- 2) две (dve)
- 3) три (tri)
- 4) четири (chetiri)
- 5) пет (pet)
- 6) шест (shest)
- 7) седем (sedem)
- 8) осем (osem)
- 9) девет (devet)
- 10) десет (deset)
- 11) единадесет (edinadeset)
- 12) дванадесет (dvanadeset)
- 13) тринадесет (trinadeset)
- 14) четиринадесет (chetirinadeset)
- 15) петнадесет (petnadeset)
- 16) шестнадесет (shestnadeset)
- 17) седемнадесет (sedemnadeset)
- 18) осемнадесет (osemnadeset)
- 19) деветнадесет (devetnadeset)
- 20) двадесет (dvadeset)
- 30) тридесет (trideset)
- 40) четиридесет (chetirideset)
- 50) петдесет (petdeset)
- 60) шестдесет (shestdeset)
- 70) седемдесет (sedemdeset)
- 80) осемдесет (osemdeset)
- 90) деветдесет (devetdeset)
- 100) сто (sto)
- 1,000) хиляда (hilyada)
- one million) един милион (edin milion)
- one billion) един милиард (edin miliard)
- one trillion) един трилион (edin trilion)
Numbers in Bulgarian: Bulgarian numbering rules
Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Bulgarian is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Bulgarian you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Bulgarian with ease.
The way numbers are formed in Bulgarian is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Bulgarian. Also, learning how to number in Bulgarian yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Bulgarian at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Bulgarian
Digits from zero to nine are specific words, namely нула (nula) , едно (edno) , две (dve) , три (tri) , четири (chetiri) , пет (pet) , шест (shest) , седем (sedem) , осем (osem) , and девет (devet) . The digits one and two have both a feminine and a masculine form: едно/един (edno/edin) , две/два (dve/dva) .
The tens are formed by adding the ten word (десет (deset)) at the end of the digits, with the exception of ten where the unit is implicit: десет (deset) , двадесет (dvadeset) , тридесет (trideset) , четиридесет (chetirideset) , петдесет (petdeset) , шестдесет (shestdeset) , седемдесет (sedemdeset) , осемдесет (osemdeset) , and деветдесет (devetdeset) .
The compound numbers are constructed from the matching units in the masculine form, followed by the conjonction и (i) (and), then the word for ten with no space from eleven to nineteen (e.g.: тринадесет (trinadeset) ), the conjonction being separated with spaces from twenty-one to ninety-nine (eg.: двадесет и пет (dvadeset i pet) ).
The conjunction и (i) (and) is added between the second and the third member of each group of three digits.
The hundreds, formed from the matching multiplier units, are: сто (sto) , двеста (dvesta) , триста (trista) , четиристотин (chetiristotin) , петстотин (petstotin) , шестстотин (sheststotin) , седемстотин (sedemstotin) , осемстотин (osemstotin) , and деветстотин (devetstotin) .
Being gendered, one and two share the same gender as the following scale unit if any. For instance, the word for thousand (хиляда (hilyada)) is feminine, hence we say две хиляди (dve hilyadi) [2,000]. The same occurs with the millions (един милион (edin milion) [1,000,000] and два милиона (dva miliona) [2,000,000]) and the billions (един милиард (edin miliard) [1,000,000,000] and два милиарда (dva miliarda) [2,000,000,000]), both of them being masculine.
The Bulgarian language follows the short scale system for naming big numbers: every new word greater than a million is 1,000 times bigger than the previous term. Thus, един милиард (edin miliard) is equivalent to 109 (one billion in the US).
Bulgarian Basic Course
Numbers in different languages