Numbers in Sindarin

Learn numbers in Sindarin

Knowing numbers in Sindarin is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Sindarin. Learning to count in Sindarin may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Sindarin is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Sindarin.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Sindarin?

Sindarin (Edhellen, edhellen in Tengwar script) is one of the fictional languages spoken by the Elves, in the Arda world of J. R. R. Tolkien (of which The Lord of the Rings is one of the most renown work). It was the language of the Sindar, those Teleri which had been left behind on the Great Journey of the Elves, and is written in Latin alphabet, in Tengwar script or in Cirth script. Mainly influenced by Finnish, in grammar, phonology and vocabulary, it is also influenced to some extend by Latin, Greek, German and Spanish.Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 1,000 in Sindarin. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

List of numbers in Sindarin

Here is a list of numbers in Sindarin. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Sindarin from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Sindarin. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Sindarin.

  • 1) mîn (mîn)
  • 2) tâd (tâd)
  • 3) nêl (nêl)
  • 4) canad (canad)
  • 5) leben (leben)
  • 6) eneg (eneg)
  • 7) odog (odog)
  • 8) tolodh (tolodh)
  • 9) neder (neder)
  • 10) pae (pae)
  • 11) minig (minig)
  • 12) uiug (uiug)
  • 13) pae-a-nêl (pae-a-nêl)
  • 14) pae-a-canad (pae-a-canad)
  • 15) pae-a-leben (pae-a-leben)
  • 16) pae-ar-eneg (pae-ar-eneg)
  • 17) pae-ar-odog (pae-ar-odog)
  • 18) pae-a-tolodh (pae-a-tolodh)
  • 19) pae-a-neder (pae-a-neder)
  • 20) taphae (taphae)
  • 30) nelphae (nelphae)
  • 40) canaphae (canaphae)
  • 50) lephae (lephae)
  • 60) enephae (enephae)
  • 70) odophae (odophae)
  • 80) tolophae (tolophae)
  • 90) nederphae (nederphae)
  • 100) haran (haran)
  • 1,000) meneg (meneg)

Numbers in Sindarin: Sindarin numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Sindarin is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Sindarin you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Sindarin with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Sindarin is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Sindarin. Also, learning how to number in Sindarin yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Sindarin at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Sindarin

  • Digits from one to nine and numbers from ten to twelve are specific words, namely mîn (mîn) [1], tâd (tâd) [2], nêl (nêl) [3], canad (canad) [4], leben (leben) [5], eneg (eneg) [6], odog (odog) [7], tolodh (tolodh) [8], neder (neder) [9], pae (pae) [10], minig (minig) [11] and uiug (uiug) [12]. As the elves originally used the duodecimal number system (base 12), eleven and twelve are still irregular.
  • The tens are formed by adding a form of the ten word (phae, phae) after the matching multiplier digit root (or its first syllable), with the exception of ten: pae (pae) [10], taphae (taphae) [20], nelphae (nelphae) [30], canaphae (canaphae) [40], lephae (lephae) [50], enephae (enephae) [60], odophae (odophae) [70], tolophae (tolophae) [80] and nederphae (nederphae) [90].
  • Numbers from thirty to ninety-nine are built by saying the ten first, then the unit linked with -a- (-a-) or with -ar- (-ar-) before a vowel for teens only (e.g.: pae-ar-eneg (pae-ar-eneg) [16], pae-ar-odog (pae-ar-odog) [17], taphae-a-leben (taphae-a-leben) [25], canaphae-a-eneg (canaphae-a-eneg) [46]).
  • The hundreds are built exactly the same way as the tens, i.e. by adding the hundred word (haran, haran) after the matching multiplier digit root, except for one hundred itself: haran (haran) [100], tacharan (tacharan) [200], nelcharan (nelcharan) [300], canacharan (canacharan) [400], lefaran (lefaran) [500], enecharan (enecharan) [600], odocharan (odocharan) [700], tolocharan (tolocharan) [800] and nedercharan (nedercharan) [900].
  • The word for thousand is meneg (meneg), or menig (menig) in plural. From there we have: (mîn) meneg (mîn meneg) [1,000], tâd menig (tâd menig) [2,000], neled menig (neled menig) [3,000]… caer menig (caer menig) or paer menig (paer menig) [10,000].
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