Numbers in Finnish

Learn numbers in Finnish

Knowing numbers in Finnish is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Finnish. Learning to count in Finnish may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Finnish is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Finnish.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Finnish?

Finnish (suomi or suomen kieli) belongs to the Uralic family, in the Finno-Ugric group. Co-official language of Finland (with Swedish), it is also an official minority language in Sweden. Finnish counts about 6 million speakers.

List of numbers in Finnish

Here is a list of numbers in Finnish. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Finnish from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Finnish. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Finnish.

  • 1) yksi
  • 2) kaksi
  • 3) kolme
  • 4) neljä
  • 5) viisi
  • 6) kuusi
  • 7) seitsemän
  • 8) kahdeksan
  • 9) yhdeksän
  • 10) kymmenen
  • 11) yksitoista
  • 12) kaksitoista
  • 13) kolmetoista
  • 14) neljätoista
  • 15) viisitoista
  • 16) kuusitoista
  • 17) seitsemäntoista
  • 18) kahdeksantoista
  • 19) yhdeksäntoista
  • 20) kaksikymmentä
  • 30) kolmekymmentä
  • 40) neljäkymmentä
  • 50) viisikymmentä
  • 60) kuusikymmentä
  • 70) seitsemänkymmentä
  • 80) kahdeksankymmentä
  • 90) yhdeksänkymmentä
  • 100) sata
  • 1,000) tuhat
  • one million) miljoona
  • one billion) miljardi
  • one trillion) biljoona

Numbers in Finnish: Finnish numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Finnish is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Finnish you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Finnish with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Finnish is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Finnish. Also, learning how to number in Finnish yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Finnish at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Finnish

  • Numbers from zero to ten are specific words: nolla [0], yksi [1], kaksi [2], kolme [3], neljä [4], viisi [5], kuusi [6], seitsemän [7], kahdeksan [8], yhdeksän [9], and kymmenen [10].
  • From eleven to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching digits, adding the -toista suffix at the end, which means from the second (ten): yksitoista [11], kaksitoista [12], kolmetoista [13], neljätoista [14], viisitoista [15], kuusitoista [16], seitsemäntoista [17], kahdeksantoista [18], and yhdeksäntoista [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the -kymmentä suffix (partitive case of kymmenen, ten) at the end of the matching multiplier digit, with the obvious exception of ten: kymmenen [10], kaksikymmentä [20], kolmekymmentä [30], neljäkymmentä [40], viisikymmentä [50], kuusikymmentä [60], seitsemänkymmentä [70], kahdeksankymmentä [80], and yhdeksänkymmentä [90]. When composed with a digit, numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are formed by saying the ten, then the digit with no space (e.g.: kaksikymmentäviisi [25]).
  • Hundred (sata, plural sataa) and thousand (tuhat, plural tuhatta) are not separated from the other numbers by a space (e.g.: satakaksikymmentäyksi [121], tuhatkaksisataayhdeksäntoista [1,219]). Actually, all the numbers are written with no space at all, creating very long words.
  • The Finnish language uses the long scale for big numbers where the naming pattern of the scale words alternates between the -joona and -jardi suffixes: miljoona (106, million), miljardi (109, billion), biljoona (1012, trillion), biljardi (1015, quadrillion), triljoona (1018, quintillion), triljardi (1021, sextillion)…
  • Finnish Basic Course
  • Numbers in different languages