Learn numbers in Czech
Knowing numbers in Czech is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Czech. Learning to count in Czech may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Czech is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Czech.
It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Czech?
The Czech language (čeština, český jazyk) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages group. Official language in the Czech Republic, it is also a recognised minority language in Slovakia and Poland. In fact, it is even mutually intelligible with Slovak. The Czech language is spoken by about 10.6 million people.
List of numbers in Czech
Here is a list of numbers in Czech. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Czech from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Czech. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Czech.
- 1) jedna
- 2) dva
- 3) tři
- 4) čtyři
- 5) pět
- 6) šest
- 7) sedm
- 8) osm
- 9) devět
- 10) deset
- 11) jedenáct
- 12) dvanáct
- 13) třináct
- 14) čtrnáct
- 15) patnáct
- 16) šestnáct
- 17) sedmnáct
- 18) osmnáct
- 19) devatenáct
- 20) dvacet
- 30) třicet
- 40) čtyřicet
- 50) padesát
- 60) šedesát
- 70) sedmdesát
- 80) osmdesát
- 90) devadesát
- 100) sto
- 1,000) tisíc
- one million) milión
- one billion) miliarda
Numbers in Czech: Czech numbering rules
Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Czech is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Czech you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Czech with ease.
The way numbers are formed in Czech is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Czech. Also, learning how to number in Czech yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Czech at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Czech
Digits are specific words, namely nula , jeden , dva , tři , čtyři , pět , šest , sedm , osm , and devět . The digits one and two are gendered forms: jeden/jedna/jedno and dva/dvě/dvě (masculine/feminine/neuter).
From eleven to nineteen, numbers are suffixed by -náct (-teen): jedenáct , dvanáct , třináct , čtrnáct , patnáct , šestnáct , sedmnáct , osmnáct , and devatenáct .
Tens are formed by adding ten (cet/desát) to the end of the multiplier digit root, with the obvious exception of ten itself: deset , dvacet , třicet , čtyřicet , padesát , šedesát , sedmdesát , osmdesát , and devadesát .
For numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine, we state the ten, then the unit separated with a space (e.g.:dvacet tři , třicet dva ).
Hundreds are formed the same way as the tens, i.e. by setting a form of the word for hundred (sto/stě/sta/set, neuter) after the multiplier digit, except for one hundred itself: sto , dvě stě or dvě sta , tři sta , čtyři sta , pět set , šest set , sedm set , osm set , and devět set . The form stě is a relic of the grammatical dual number; sta is the nominative case of plural, while set is the genitive case of plural.
Thousands follow the same rule, setting a form of the word for thousand (tisíc/tisíce, masculine) after the multiplier digit, except fo one thousand itself: tisíc [1,000], dva tisíce [2,000], tři tisíce [3,000], čtyři tisíce [4,000], pět tisíc [5,000], šest tisíc [6,000], sedm tisíc [7,000], osm tisíc [8,000], and devět tisíc [9,000]. If tisíc is the genitive case of plural (and also the nominative case of singular for 1,000), tisíce is the nominative case of plural.
Millions also follow the same rule, setting a form of the word for million (milión/miliony/milionů, masculine) after the multiplier digit, except for one million itself: milión [1 million], dva miliony [2 millions], tři miliony [3 millions], čtyři miliony [4 millions], pět milionů [5 millions], šest milionů [6 millions], sedm milionů [7 millions], osm milionů [8 millions], and devět milionů [9 millions]. Again, milionů is the genitive case of plural, and miliony is the nominative case of plural.
Quite expectedly, billions do follow the same rule, setting a form of the word for billion (miliarda/miliardy/miliard, which is feminine) after the multiplier digit, except for one billion itself: miliarda [1 billion], dvě miliardy [2 billions], tři miliardy [3 billions], čtyři miliardy [4 billions], pět miliard [5 billions], šest miliard [6 billions], sedm miliard [7 billions], osm miliard [8 billions], and devět miliard [9 billions]. Again, miliard is the genitive case of plural, and miliardy is the nominative case of plural.
The Czech language uses the long numeric scale to name big numbers, alternating the -ión and -iarda suffixes for the powers of ten multiples of three. Thus, we get milión (million, 106), then miliarda (billion, 109), bilión (trillion, 1012), biliarda (quadrillion, 1015)…
A Grammar of Czech as a Foreign Language (pdf), by Karel Tahal
Numbers in different languages