Numbers in Arabic

Learn numbers in Arabic

Knowing numbers in Arabic is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Arabic. Learning to count in Arabic may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Arabic is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Arabic.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Arabic?

Arabic language (Al-ʻarabiyyah, العَرَبِيَّة) is a Central Semitic language from the Afro-Asiatic family. Official or co-official language in 26 countries, it is spoken by about 422 million people. It is also the liturgical language of Islam. Its Modern Standard Arabic form, derived from Classical Arabic, is a lingua franca as it encompasses many dialectal varieties. Arabic is written for right to left in an abjad, a writing system where each symbol stands for a consonant.Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 1,000,000 in Arabic. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

List of numbers in Arabic

Here is a list of numbers in Arabic. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Arabic from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Arabic. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Arabic.

  • 1) ١ wahid (واحد)
  • 2) ٢ ithnan (إثنان)
  • 3) ٣ thalatha (ثلاثة)
  • 4) ٤ arba’a (أربع)
  • 5) ٥ khamsa (خمسة)
  • 6) ٦ sitta (ستة)
  • 7) ٧ sab’a (سبعة)
  • 8) ٨ thamaniya (ثمانية)
  • 9) ٩ tis’a (تسعة)
  • 10) ١٠ ‘ashra (عشرة)
  • 11) ١١ ahada ‘ashar (احد عشر)
  • 12) ١٢ ithna ‘ashar (اثنا عشر)
  • 13) ١٣ thalatha ‘ashar (ثلاثة عشر)
  • 14) ١٤ arba’a ‘ashar (اربعة عشر)
  • 15) ١٥ khamsa ‘ashar (خمسة عشر)
  • 16) ١٦ sitta ‘ashar (ستة عشر)
  • 17) ١٧ sab’a ‘ashar (سبعة عشر)
  • 18) ١٨ thamaniya ‘ashar (ثمانية عشر)
  • 19) ١٩ tis’a ‘ashar (تسعة عشر)
  • 20) ٢٠ ‘ishrun (عشرون)
  • 30) ٣٠ thalathun (ثلاثون)
  • 40) ٤٠ arba’un (أربعون)
  • 50) ٥٠ khamsun (خمسون)
  • 60) ٦٠ sittun (ستون)
  • 70) ٧٠ sab’un (سبعون)
  • 80) ٨٠ thamanun (ثمانون)
  • 90) ٩٠ tis’un (تسعون)
  • 100) ١٠٠ mi’a (مئة)
  • 1,000) ١٠٠٠ alf (ألف)
  • one million) malioun (مَلِيُوْن)
  • one billion) maliâr (مَلِيَار)

Numbers in Arabic: Arabic numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Arabic is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Arabic you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Arabic with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Arabic is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Arabic. Also, learning how to number in Arabic yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Arabic at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Arabic

  • Digits from zero to nine are specific words, namely sifr (صِفْرٌ) [0], wahid (وَاحِدٌ) [1], ithnan (اِثْنَانِ) [2], thalatha (ثَلَاثَةٌ) [3], arba’a (أَرْبَعٌ) [4], khamsa (خَمْسَةٌ) [5], sitta (سِتَّةٌ) [6], sab’a (سَبْعَةٌ) [7], thamaniya (ثَمَانِيَةٌ) [8], and tis’a (تِسْعَةٌ) [9].
  • The tens are based on the root of the digit names, suffixed by un (ون), except for ten: ‘ashra (عَشَرَةٌ) [10], ‘ishrun (عِشْرُونَ) [20], thalathun (ثَلَاثُونَ) [30], arba’un (أَرْبَعُونَ) [40], khamsun (خَمْسُونَ) [50], sittun (سِتُّونَ) [60], sab’un (سَبْعُونَ) [70], thamanun (ثَمَانُونَ) [80], and tis’un (تَسْعَوْنَ) [90].
  • From eleven to nineteen, compound numbers are formed by stating the unit, then a form of the word for ten: ahada ‘ashar (إِحْدَى عَشَرٍ) [11], ithna ‘ashar (اِثْنَا عَشَرٌ) [12], thalatha ‘ashar (ثَلَاثَةَ عَشَرَ) [13], arba’a ‘ashar (أَرْبَعَةَ عَشَرَ) [14], khamsa ‘ashar (خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ) [15], sitta ‘ashar (سِتَّةَ عَشَرَ) [16], sab’a ‘ashar (سَبْعَةَ عَشَرَ) [17], thamaniya ‘ashar (ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ) [18], and tis’a ‘ashar (تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ) [19].
  • Above twenty-one, compound numbers are formed by stating the unit then the ten, linked with the and word connector (wa-, وَ). Hence we get: thalatha wa-khamsun (ثَلَاثَةُ وَ خَمْسُونَ) [53], sab’a wa-tis’un (سَبْعَةُ وَ تَسْعَوْنَ) [97].
  • Hundreds are formed by stating the multiplier digit before the word for hundred, except for one hundred itself: mi’a (مِئَةٌ) [100], ithnan mi’a (مِائَتَانِ) [200], thalatha mi’a (ثَلَاثَةَ مِئَةَ) [300], arba’a mi’a (أَرْبَعَةَ مِئَةَ) [400], khamsa mi’a (خَمْسَةَ مِئَةَ) [500], sitta mi’a (سِتَّةَ مِئَةَ) [600], sab’a mi’a (سَبْعَةَ مِئَةَ) [700], thamaniya mi’a (ثَمَانِيَةَ مِئَةَ) [800], and tis’a mi’a (تِسْعَةَ مِئَةَ) [900].
  • The word for thousand is alf (أَلْفٌ). Two thousand is using the dual form of thousand: alfain (أَلْفَيْنِ) [2,000]. Above two thousand, the plural form of thousand is used: thalatha alaaf (ثَلَاثَةُ آلَافٍ) [3,000], arba’a alaaf (أربَعة آلَافٍ) [4,000], khamsa alaaf (خَمْسَةُ أَﻟﺎف) [5,000], sitta alaaf (سِتَّةُ أَﻟﺎف) [6,000], sab’a alaaf (سَبْعَةُ أَﻟﺎف) [7,000], thamaniya alaaf (ثَمَانِيَةُ أَﻟﺎف) [8,000], and tis’a alaaf (ﺗﺴِﻌﺔ أَﻟﺎف ) [9,000].
  • The word for million is malioun (مَلِيُوْن) [1 million, 106], and the word for billion is maliâr (مَلِيَار) [1 billion, 109].
  • Numbers in different languages