Numbers in Quenya

Learn numbers in Quenya

Knowing numbers in Quenya is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Quenya. Learning to count in Quenya may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Quenya is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Quenya.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Quenya?

Quenya (quenya in Tengwar script) is one of the fictional languages spoken by the Elves, in the Arda world of J. R. R. Tolkien (of which The Lord of the Rings is one of the most renown work). Mainly influenced by Finnish, in grammar, phonology and vocabulary, it is also influenced to some extend by Latin, Greek, German and Spanish. It is written in Latin alphabet or in Tengwar script.

List of numbers in Quenya

Here is a list of numbers in Quenya. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Quenya from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Quenya. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Quenya.

  • 1) minë (minë)
  • 2) atta (atta)
  • 3) neldë (neldë)
  • 4) canta (canta)
  • 5) lempë (lempë)
  • 6) enquë (enquë)
  • 7) otso (otso)
  • 8) tolto (tolto)
  • 9) nertë (nertë)
  • 10) cainen (cainen)
  • 11) minquë (minquë)
  • 12) yunquë (yunquë)
  • 13) nelcëa (nelcëa)
  • 14) cancëa (cancëa)
  • 15) lencëa (lencëa)
  • 16) encëa (encëa)
  • 17) occëa (occëa)
  • 18) tolcëa (tolcëa)
  • 19) nercëa (nercëa)
  • 20) yucainen (yucainen)
  • 30) nelcainen (nelcainen)
  • 40) cancainen (cancainen)
  • 50) lemincainen (lemincainen)
  • 60) eneccainen (eneccainen)
  • 70) otsocainen (otsocainen)
  • 80) tolcainen (tolcainen)
  • 90) nercainen (nercainen)
  • 100) tuxa (tuxa)
  • 1,000) húmë (húmë)
  • one million) mindóra (mindóra)

Numbers in Quenya: Quenya numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Quenya is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Quenya you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Quenya with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Quenya is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Quenya. Also, learning how to number in Quenya yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Quenya at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Quenya

  • Digits from zero to nine and numbers from ten to twelve are specific words, namely munta (munta) [0], minë (minë) [1], atta (atta) [2], neldë (neldë) [3], canta (canta) [4], lempë (lempë) [5], enquë (enquë) [6], otso (otso) [7], tolto (tolto) [8], nertë (nertë) [9], cainen (cainen) [10], minquë [11] (minquë), and yunquë (yunquë) [12]. As the elves originally used the duodecimal number system (base 12), eleven and twelve are still irregular.
  • From thirteen to nineteen, the numbers are built by adding the -cëa (-cëa) suffix at the end of the first syllable (acting as a root) of the matching digit: nelcëa (nelcëa) [13], cancëa (cancëa) [14], lencëa (lencëa) [15], encëa (encëa) [16], occëa (occëa) [17], tolcëa (tolcëa) [18], and nercëa (nercëa) [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the ten word (cainen, cainen) after the matching multiplier digit root (or first syllable), with the exception of ten where the multiplier is implicit: cainen (cainen) [10], yucainen (yucainen) [20], nelcainen (nelcainen) [30], cancainen (cancainen) [40], lemincainen (lemincainen) [50], eneccainen (eneccainen) [60], otsocainen (otsocainen) [70], tolcainen (tolcainen) [80], and nercainen (nercainen) [90].
  • Numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are built by saying the unit first, then the ten separated by a space (e.g.: lempë yucainen (lempë yucainen) [25], enquë cancainen (enquë cancainen) [46]).
  • The hundreds are built exactly the same way as the tens, i.e. by adding the hundred word (tuxa, tuxa) after the matching multiplier digit root, except for one hundred itself: tuxa (tuxa) [100], yutuxa (yutuxa) [200], neltuxa (neltuxa) [300]… When the hundred is composed, the unit is said first, then the ten, then the hundred, all separated by spaces (e.g.: atta otsocainen tuxa (atta otsocainen tuxa) [172], lempë tolcainen yutuxa (lempë tolcainen yutuxa) [285], cancainen neltuxa (cancainen neltuxa) [340])
  • We assume the thousands are built identically, i.e. by adding the thousand word (húmë, húmë) after the matching multiplier digit root, except for one thousand itself: húmë (húmë) [1,000], yuhúmë (yuhúmë) [2,000], nelhúmë (nelhúmë) [3,000]…
  • The word for million is mindóra (mindóra).
  • Tengwar font
  • Numbers in different languages