Numbers in Occitan

Learn numbers in Occitan

Knowing numbers in Occitan is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Occitan. Learning to count in Occitan may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Occitan is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Occitan.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Occitan?

Occitan, also known as Lenga d’òc, is a Romance language of the Gallo-Romance group spoken in southern France, Italy’s Occitan Valleys and Guardia Piemontese, Monaco, and Spain’s Val d’Aran by about 2 million speakers. It counts many dialects (including the six most important: Auvergnat, Gascon, Languedocien, Limousin, Provençal, and Vivaro-Alpine), all of them endangered, either severely or definitely. The dialect described here is the Languedocien.

List of numbers in Occitan

Here is a list of numbers in Occitan. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Occitan from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Occitan. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Occitan.

  • 1) un
  • 2) dos
  • 3) tres
  • 4) quatre
  • 5) cinc
  • 6) sièis
  • 7) sèt
  • 8) uèch
  • 9) nòu
  • 10) dètz
  • 11) onze
  • 12) dotze
  • 13) tretze
  • 14) catòrze
  • 15) quinze
  • 16) setze
  • 17) dètz-e-sèt
  • 18) dètz-e-uèch
  • 19) dètz-e-nòu
  • 20) vint
  • 30) trenta
  • 40) quaranta
  • 50) cinquanta
  • 60) seissanta
  • 70) setanta
  • 80) ochanta
  • 90) nonanta
  • 100) cent
  • 1,000) mila
  • one million) un milion
  • one billion) un miliard

Numbers in Occitan: Occitan numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Occitan is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Occitan you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Occitan with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Occitan is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Occitan. Also, learning how to number in Occitan yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Occitan at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Occitan

  • Digits and numbers from zero to sixteen are specific words, namely zèro [0], un [1] (una in its feminine form), dos [2] (doás in its feminine form), tres [3], quatre [4], cinc [5], sièis [6], sèt [7], uèch [8], nòu [9], dètz [10], onze [11], dotze [12], tretze [13], catòrze [14], quinze [15], and setze [16]. Seventeen to twenty-nine are regular numbers, i.e. named after the ten (or the twenty) and the digit, linked with a dashed e (and): dètz-e-sèt [10 and 7], dètz-e-uèch [10 and 8], dètz-e-nòu [10 and 9]… vint-e-nòu [20 and 9].
  • The tens have specific names based on the multiplier digits roots except for ten and twenty: dètz [10], vint [20], trenta [30], quaranta [40], cinquanta [50], seissanta [60], setanta [70], ochenta [80], and nonanta [90].
  • Compound numbers above thirty are formed by stating the ten, than the digit separated with a space (e.g.: cinquanta sèt [57], nonanta nòu [99]).
  • Hundreds are formed by stating the multiplier digit before the word for hundred (cent, cents in plural), except for one hundred itself: cent [100], dos cents [200], tres cents [300], quatre cents [400], cinc cents [500], sièis cents [600], sèt cents [700], uèch cents [800], and nòu cents [900].
  • Thousands are formed by stating the multiplier digit before the word for hundred (mila), except for one thousand itself: mila [1,000], dos mila [2,000], tres mila [3,000], quatre mila [4,000], cinc mila [5,000], sièis mila [6,000], sèt mila [7,000], uèch mila [8,000], and nòu mila [9,000].
  • The word for million (106) is milion (plural milions), and the word for billion (109) is miliard (plural miliards).
  • Basic elements of Occitan grammar, by Xavier Frías Conde, 1999 (.pdf, in Portuguese)
  • Numbers in different languages