Numbers in Luxembourgish

Learn numbers in Luxembourgish

Knowing numbers in Luxembourgish is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Luxembourgish. Learning to count in Luxembourgish may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Luxembourgish is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Luxembourgish.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Luxembourgish?

Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch) is an Indo-European, West Central German language, which belongs to the group of Moselle Franconian dialects. Co-official language in Luxembourg with French and German, but also spoken in the surounding areas in Belgium, France and Germany, it counts about 390,000 speakers.

List of numbers in Luxembourgish

Here is a list of numbers in Luxembourgish. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Luxembourgish from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Luxembourgish. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Luxembourgish.

  • 1) eent
  • 2) zwee
  • 3) dräi
  • 4) véier
  • 5) fënnef
  • 6) sechs
  • 7) siwen
  • 8) aacht
  • 9) néng
  • 10) zéng
  • 11) eelef
  • 12) zwielef
  • 13) dräizéng
  • 14) véierzéng
  • 15) fofzéng
  • 16) siechzéng
  • 17) siwwenzéng
  • 18) uechtzéng
  • 19) nonzéng
  • 20) zwanzeg
  • 30) drësseg
  • 40) véierzeg
  • 50) fofzeg
  • 60) sechzeg
  • 70) siwwenzeg
  • 80) achtzeg
  • 90) nonzeg
  • 100) honnert
  • 1,000) dausend
  • one million) eng Millioun
  • one billion) eng Milliard
  • one trillion) eng Billion

Numbers in Luxembourgish: Luxembourgish numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Luxembourgish is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Luxembourgish you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Luxembourgish with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Luxembourgish is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Luxembourgish. Also, learning how to number in Luxembourgish yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Luxembourgish at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Luxembourgish

  • Digits and numbers from zero to twelve are specific words: null [0], eent [1], zwee [2], dräi [3], véier [4], fënnef [5], sechs [6], siwen [7], aacht [8], néng [9], zéng [10], eelef [11], and zwielef [12].
  • From thirteen to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching digits, adding the -zéng (ten) suffix at the end: dräizéng [13], véierzéng [14], fofzéng [15], siechzéng [16], siwwenzéng [17], uechtzéng [18], and nonzéng [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the -zeg suffix at the end of the multiplier digit root, with the exception of ten, quite obviously: zéng [10], zwanzeg [20], drësseg [30], véierzeg [40], fofzeg [50], sechzeg (or siechzeg) [60], siwwenzeg [70], achtzeg [80], and nonzeg [90].
  • From twenty-one to ninety-nine, the tens and units are joined with the an (and) word, but the unit is said before the ten, and with no space (e.g.: eenandrësseg [31], fënnefandrësseg [35]).
  • The n-Regel, also known as the Eifel rule (“Eifeler Regel” or “Äifler Regel”) or the n-apocope rule, states that final n and nn are dropped both in oral and written form before another consonant, except before n, d, t, z, or h. Compound numbers are often affected as they are linked with the word an. Following this grammatical rule, 51 is said (and written) eenafofzeg, and not eenanfofzeg, but 35 (fënnefandrësseg) keeps its n.
  • Hundred (honnert) and thousand (dausend) are not separated from the other numbers by a space (eg. honnerteenanzwanzeg [121], dausendzweehonnertnonzéng [1,219]). They also share the fact that they are both adjectives, so their first letter is not uppercased, and they do not imply the declension of their multiplier if any.
  • The digit one, invariable under its form eent, is declined before a nominal group. It thus becomes een before a masculine or neuter noun, and eng before a feminine noun (e.g.: eng Millioun [1 million]). Two, as well invariable under its form zwéin, is declined in zwou before a feminine noun (e.g.: zwou Milliounen [2 million]), and in zwee before a neuter noun.
  • The Luxemburgish language alternates between the -illio(u)n and -illiard suffixes to name its big numbers, as it follows the long scale naming convention: Millioun (106, million), Milliard (109, billion), Billion (1012, trillion), Billiard (1015, quadrillion)… It is to be noted that big scale numbers from one billion (109) are all feminine.
  • The Luxembourgish n-rule
  • Numbers in different languages