Numbers in Estonian

Learn numbers in Estonian

Knowing numbers in Estonian is probably one of the most useful things you can learn to say, write and understand in Estonian. Learning to count in Estonian may appeal to you just as a simple curiosity or be something you really need. Perhaps you have planned a trip to a country where Estonian is the most widely spoken language, and you want to be able to shop and even bargain with a good knowledge of numbers in Estonian.

It's also useful for guiding you through street numbers. You'll be able to better understand the directions to places and everything expressed in numbers, such as the times when public transportation leaves. Can you think of more reasons to learn numbers in Estonian?

Estonian (eesti keel) belongs to the Uralic family, in the Finno-Ugric group. Official language of Estonia, it counts about 1.1 million speakers.

List of numbers in Estonian

Here is a list of numbers in Estonian. We have made for you a list with all the numbers in Estonian from 1 to 20. We have also included the tens up to the number 100, so that you know how to count up to 100 in Estonian. We also close the list by showing you what the number 1000 looks like in Estonian.

  • 1) üks
  • 2) kaks
  • 3) kolm
  • 4) neli
  • 5) viis
  • 6) kuus
  • 7) seitse
  • 8) kaheksa
  • 9) üheksa
  • 10) kümme
  • 11) üksteist
  • 12) kaksteist
  • 13) kolmteist
  • 14) neliteist
  • 15) viisteist
  • 16) kuusteist
  • 17) seitseteist
  • 18) kaheksateist
  • 19) üheksateist
  • 20) kakskümmend
  • 30) kolmkümmend
  • 40) nelikümmend
  • 50) viiskümmend
  • 60) kuuskümmend
  • 70) seitsekümmend
  • 80) kaheksakümmend
  • 90) üheksakümmend
  • 100) sada
  • 1,000) tuhat
  • one million) miljon
  • one billion) miljard
  • one trillion) triljon

Numbers in Estonian: Estonian numbering rules

Each culture has specific peculiarities that are expressed in its language and its way of counting. The Estonian is no exception. If you want to learn numbers in Estonian you will have to learn a series of rules that we will explain below. If you apply these rules you will soon find that you will be able to count in Estonian with ease.

The way numbers are formed in Estonian is easy to understand if you follow the rules explained here. Surprise everyone by counting in Estonian. Also, learning how to number in Estonian yourself from these simple rules is very beneficial for your brain, as it forces it to work and stay in shape. Working with numbers and a foreign language like Estonian at the same time is one of the best ways to train our little gray cells, so let's see what rules you need to apply to number in Estonian

  • Numbers from zero to ten are specific words: null [0], üks [1], kaks [2], kolm [3], neli [4], viis [5], kuus [6], seitse [7], kaheksa [8], üheksa [9], and kümme [10].
  • From eleven to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching digits, adding the suffix -teist at the end, which means from the second (ten): üksteist [11], kaksteist [12], kolmteist [13], neliteist [14], viisteist [15], kuusteist [16], seitseteist [17], kaheksateist [18], and üheksateist [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the -kümmend suffix at the end of the digits, with the obvious exception of ten: kümme [10], kakskümmend [20], kolmkümmend [30], nelikümmend [40], viiskümmend [50], kuuskümmend [60], seitsekümmend [70], kaheksakümmend [80], and üheksakümmend [90]. When composed with a digit, numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are formed by saying the ten, then the digit with a space (e.g.: kakskümmend kolm [23], kolmkümmend kaks [32]).
  • Hundreds are formed by setting the multiplier unit directly before the hundred word (sada), with the exception of one hundred itself: sada [100], kakssada [200], kolmsada [300], nelisada [400], viissada [500]…
  • Thousands are formed by setting the multiplier unit before the thousand word (tuhat), separated with a space, with the exception of one thousand itself: tuhat [1,000], kaks tuhat [2,000], kolm tuhat [3,000], neli tuhat [4,000], viis tuhat [5,000]…
  • The Estonian language uses the short scale for big numbers: miljon (106, million), miljard (109, billion), triljon (1012, trillion), kvadriljon (1015, quadrillion), kvintiljon (1018, quintillion), sekstiljon (1021, sextillion)…
  • Numbers in different languages